India is fast emerging as an economic and industrial power. It has tremendous potential to become not only a developed nation but a global superpower in the years to come. It is a member of the ‘Group of Twenty’ (G20) as well as one of the five major emerging national economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS).
To quote George Curzon, “The central position of India, its magnificent resources, its teeming multitude of men, its great trading harbors, its reserve of military strength–all these are assets of precious value.”
India has the world’s second largest population, with about 50% of it below the age group of 24. This provides the nation with a great pool of manpower, helping in its growth. We are also a nation that is gifted with abundant land and water resources, which majority of its population is heavily dependent on. So why then has India still not made it to the list that includes countries like the United States, Britain and Russia?
Among the several factors that are curbing its development, the energy crisis could possibly be one of its main concerns. The government of India promised to electrify all villages in India. However, extending power lines to remote villages is a very expensive affair and paying for conventional electricity is something the villagers cannot afford.
With the government failing in this endeavor, we cannot hope to propel development at the pace that we desire. In addition, the accelerated urbanization and industrial development has put our environment at risk. Our greenhouse gas emissions are increasing by the day and with the per capita population at a record high, this number is only going to increase if there is no conscious human intervention.
Moreover, India is a country most affected by climate change as this phenomenon has a direct impact on natural resources. So what is it that we, as individuals of this beautiful country, can do to help India reach its development goals?
A sensible, simple and feasible solution to this problem is the adoption of renewable energy. Of the various sources of renewable energy, solar energy is the most promising, most affordable and most reachable.
The sun provides enough energy in one minute to supply the world’s energy needs for one year!
Solar energy is non-polluting, requires little maintenance and no supervision, and has a life of 20-30 years with low running costs. It is especially unique because no large-scale installation is required. Credit must be given to the Indian government for identifying the value of solar energy and thus implementing several schemes to promote its use in the remotest of villages in India. It has also provided several tax benefits and incentives for the adoption of solar power. As a recent addition to its agenda, the government has taken on a mission to solarize the street lights all over the country.
Individual urban home owners have also taken to solar power to power their homes. Corporates are now giving impetus to solar energy in their CSR agenda. Majority of the industries that pay lakhs per month on their electricity bills are now leaning towards solar power to ease this incredible burden on their pockets.
India being a tropical country will for eternity enjoy the benefit of having the sun shine on it abundantly. With the government of India as well as its citizens identifying this valuable asset, there is a fast yet steady shift in trend towards the use of solar energy. That said, I for one am anticipating a future wherein the satellite image of India will show a country studded with solar panels. The future of solar power in India is indeed bright.