Solar energy is becoming widely popular as a sustainable power source. More and more people want their homes and office spaces powered by solar sources and photovoltaic cells. With rapid technological advancement, we can boost the solar power industry with enhanced production and improved efficiency of photovoltaic cells.
Advancements in the solar power industry
The technological advancements in the solar power industry may be highlighted as follows:
- Heterojunction technology (HJT) – Heterojunction technology boosts the efficiency of PV cells. The thin films used in this technology are cheaper than first-generation solar cells. Using thin films, we can create HJTs that increase overall efficiency to over 21%.
- Passive emitted rear cells (PERC) – It improves the efficiency of first-generation solar cells. This technology uses two layers to cover a crystalline silicon cell that enhances the movement of electrons within the cell. It also reflects light passing through the cell surface to generate electricity, increasing the overall cell efficiency by 1%.
- Half cell technology – It works on the principle that more PV cells offer less resistance to electron flow. Finally, the battery’s low resistance increases the efficiency of solar energy. This increases the efficiency of the solar cell. 30% of panel shading contributes to lower total power consumption.
- Bifacial solar panels – Bifacial solar panels work amazingly to store high energy. It helps to store energy from both sides, as opposed to the mono-si or poly-si crystalline panels. It can store 40% more energy than the mono facial panels, and transparent materials are used instead of the dark back sheet.
- Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) – They can replace asphalt shingles as they can generate 60 watts of electrical energy, respectively. Solar shingles are the most common example of his BIPV. BIPV aesthetically blends into the building. It can be fixed in the form of canopies, roofs, facades, curtain walls and skylight systems. Deploying BIPV technology can also reduce economic costs. This saves people money on electricity and building materials.
- Multi junctional solar cells (Stack Cells) – These are known for their high-end efficiency compared to single junction solar cells. These are great additions to the clean energy revolution, but they are expensive and not widely available for home use. Multi-junction PV cells are highly efficient, and 47% cell efficiency can be achieved by using six multi-junctions.
- Perovskite solar cells – They are used in a compound with a structure like a natural substance called calcium titanate. They are easy to use and also affordable. With its high-end PV capabilities and 25% efficiency, it can remain efficient for 300 hours.
- Thin film solar panels – Solar cells in the form of layers are more energy-efficient. The average solar panels employ only 18 per cent of solar energy. In contrast, the thin-film solar cells can harness the sunlight up to 46 per cent. They have up to four layers, are incredibly thin and have increased flexibility and lightweight solar panels. It can be used on circular and uneven building infrastructures.
- Floating solar panels – No additional room for the installation structure is required. Studies have shown that floating solar energy systems have 10% higher energy production. Efficiency is improved by the cooling effect of water. In addition, these innovative solar panels generate clean solar energy, reduce water loss and prevent algae. It also reduces water treatment costs and reduces energy waste.
- Photovoltaic noise barriers (PVNB) – They help deflect sound waves and reduce noise pollution. A noise barrier can generate about 400 GW of solar power per year. This figure corresponds to the annual electricity consumption of approximately 37,000 households. A photovoltaic sound barrier can increase the potential for solar energy when properly placed in front of the sun.
- Solar lighting – Solar-powered LED lighting has transformed public paths, roads and trails. The advantage of LED solar lighting is that it works off the grid and does not require the use of traditional cables or other expensive devices. The lifespan of these solar lights is an impressive 25+ years. That backup system keeps the lights working for days. Some areas of the city are usually difficult to convert to conventional lightning. With these LED solar lights, you can generate clean and sustainable energy.
The focus of the solar energy industry is shifting from cost reduction to new advancements, increasing the popularity of solar panels around the world.
Nimbus Solar Solutions: Providing High-Quality Renewable Solar Solutions
Nimbus Solar, the Solar division of Nimbus, was started with a visionary approach to extend its offerings for residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural purposes. It supplies a wide range of solar products using the best components in the industry. Equipped with the latest and most sophisticated solar products, we are backed by a team of experienced and dedicated engineers and technicians.
With a Pan-India presence, we provide highly efficient and customised products along with expert technical services for installation and maintenance to support them.
For more information, visit: https://nimbussolar.in/